abandoned missile silos in pennsylvania

America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. The United States shut down all Nike sites in 1974. . President John F. Kennedy, when asked by the Army in 1962 to authorize a newer, more advanced Nike missile, questioned its effectiveness by comparing the Nike's defense to shooting a bullet with a bullet. Kukovich, a public relations director at the University of Pittsburgh's graduate business school, remembers one such tour near his Westmoreland County home, in Manor. In Union and Finleyville, developer Robert VanVoorhis purchased 30 units of housing that once belonged to the Nike sites, paying $600,000. D= Either, increaed access room in the magazine Missile Launcher: A=Ajax AA=Double Ajax launchers AG=Above Ground H=Hecrules L=Launcher K=Unoffical designation for Alaskan above ground launchers U=Uniersal … (8L-H), This data is from the book To Defend and Deter: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Missile Program, 30th LRS air terminal: a small shop with large responsibilities - Santa Maria Times (subscription), U.S. Senate OKs amendment requiring annual missile defense tests - Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, US missile site in Ravenna to get first public airing - Akron Beacon Journal, Pentagon Launches Test Missile from Vandenberg - NBC 7 San Diego, Law Enforcement Torch Run crosses VAFB - Santa Maria Times (subscription), Iridium's SpaceX launch slowed by Vandenberg bottleneck - SpaceNews, US Air Force test-launches Minuteman missile from Vandenberg Air Force Base - LA Daily News, Missile-Defense Interceptor Flies From Vandenberg Air Force Base - Noozhawk, Seven detained at Vandenberg missile protest - Santa Maria Sun, L-3 Wins Consolidated Air Force Satellite Control Network Contract - Signal Magazine, Final Titan Rocket Launch Ends an Era (10/20/2005), Peacekeeper nuclear missile officially deactivated (9/20/2005), Blue Origin rocket plans detailed (6/13/2005), To Defend and Deter: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Missile Program, Partially Intact, Private ownership, a church. A good era. Starting in the early 1950s, the Army made the protection of Pittsburgh's industrial complex a matter of national security, circling the area with bunkers, radar towers and communications equipment. And then they were lowered again into their pits . The site near Manor is still obscured by low-hanging leaves, branches, thorny bushes and grapevines. Also, the Hercules could target a plane carrying nuclear weapons, hit the plane and prevent those weapons from being detonated. Should an enemy fire thousands of bullets, Kennedy said, it would create a problem "which we have not mastered yet." . Earl Close, co-author of the 1952 "Operation Plan for the Anti-aircraft Defense of Pittsburgh.". There still are cows grazing in a nearby farm. "We stared as the missiles were raised up on their hydraulic shafts . It had a maximum speed of 1,600 mph and could reach altitudes of 70,000 feet. Supplementing the new missile system was a ring of 90 mm gun batteries in such places as Connellsville, Greensburg, Freeport, Brownsville, New Kensington, Carnegie, Amity and Claysville. But the events of the past two weeks have reawakened those Cold War memories, prompting new thoughts about the caution and preparation of the time. The sites were often on hills, heavily protected by woods. . Scanning the room with a flashlight, Allegheny County Fire Department official Tom Cook said, "There is not much to see anymore. The stairs, descending into the ground, lead to a dark room fortified by three-foot-thick concrete walls. The last to close its doors in the Pittsburgh area was in Robinson, where a military man packing his papers into a cardboard box told The Pittsburgh Press, "It's the end of an era. You can find much more information about your privacy choices in our privacy policy. In the Pittsburgh area, the list of Nike sites was winnowed to six by 1959 and four by 1973. Its range was 25 miles. Growing up in Washington County, VanVoorhis remembers hearing about the missile sites he now owns, but "we didn't know an awful lot about them," he said. . Starting in the early 1950s, the Army made the protection of Pittsburgh's industrial complex a matter of national security, circling the area with bunkers, radar towers and communications equipment. The site in Oakdale, once mission control for the local Nike missiles, is an air traffic control tower for the Federal Aviation Administration.

At the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory in West Mifflin, Westinghouse Electric Corp. was hard at work on the first "atomic engine," a force that would propel submarines and make the U.S. Navy the most powerful on Earth. Deep in the woods of the North Hills, a steel door creaks open. Soviet bombers, however, never appeared on the horizon, and not one Nike missile ever passed through Kukovich's blue, morning sky. Allegheny County Fire Department official Tom Cook emerges from one of three bunkers in North Park. Ad Practitioners, LLC. An old missile site in Robinson now functions as a senior citizens center, and a site in West Deer is now home to a retirement home and The Council of Three Rivers American Indian Center Inc., which provides job training to native Americans.

. . The military, he said, "kept most things quiet.". The first submarine to run on that power source slid into the water on Jan. 21, 1954, only a few months before construction started on the region's first Nike site, outside Bridgeville. Should an enemy fire thousands of bullets, Kennedy said, it would create a problem "which we have not mastered yet." The soldiers manning the sites became known as the "Buck Rogers boys," and the military tried to dazzle people with the missile's technology, letting young boys climb the rocket at a Downtown parade and giving tours of the underground bunkers. But now, the missiles are gone, and the floor is awash in pools of rainwater, chipped paint and rust. pointing overhead into the light, blue morning sky . . An old missile site in Robinson now functions as a senior citizens center, and a site in West Deer is now home to a retirement home and The Council of Three Rivers American Indian Center Inc., which provides job training to native Americans. You will even find former missile silos, built during the height of the Cold War. Not only did it inspire pride in the city's industrial assets, but it provided people with a strange, silent reassurance at a time of uncertainty. Welcome! An elevator would carry the rockets to the surface. The region's bituminous coal mines were producing most of the nation's soft coal; the steel mills were providing the steel for most of the nation's buildings, bridges and warships; and its shops were producing most of the country's machine tools. Missile Storage: C=Ajax only, original design B=Ajax or Hercules, some modifications were required for the elevator to handle the Hercules launcher.

Also, the Hercules could target a plane carrying nuclear weapons, hit the plane and prevent those weapons from being detonated. Others have been paved by new owners, and some of the above-ground missile buildings are now housing a retirement home, a senior citizens center, a religious school, an air-traffic radar center, a driver's training center, a YMCA and a Native American job-training headquarters. . Growing up in Washington County, VanVoorhis remembers hearing about the missile sites he now owns, but "we didn't know an awful lot about them," he said. He renovated them and resold them, naming one of the developments "Meadowview." They would tilt at an 85-degree angle and shoot into the sky over Pittsburgh at 1,500 miles per hour. pointing overhead into the light, blue morning sky .

But the star of the parade was the 20-foot-long winged missile named after the Greek goddess of victory.

The Nike missile "would be a good weapon today against terrorism," said Donald Goldstein, a professor of international relations at the University of Pittsburgh. On a site in Irwin, there is a YMCA and in Elizabeth, there is driver's training center designed for police officers and leased by the Twin Rivers Council of Governments, which recently spent $40,000 on renovations. Many of the homes and barracks have been renovated into new housing, too.

The site near Manor is still obscured by low-hanging leaves, branches, thorny bushes and grapevines. .

"Critical industrial areas strung out along the Monongahela, Ohio and Allegheny Valleys, though well dispersed, are suited for pinpoint landing but not mass or atomic bombs. Note: Launchers converted to Hercules are given in paraenthesis, e.g. Starting in the early 1950s, the Army made the protection of Pittsburgh's industrial complex a matter of national security, circling the area with bunkers, radar towers and communications equipment.

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